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19

2YEARS OF SEVERE INJURY IN CHILDREN

2Years of Severe Injury in Children (ISS > 15)

Most severe injury associated with death

Category

Total number Number of

Mortality*

95% confidence

of cases

deaths

%

interval

Lower

Upper

*As a proportion of all severely injured children in that category

Head injury is the most important injury in fatal paediatric trauma, although there is a significant contribution from asphyxia,

drowning and polytrauma.

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Head

Asphyxia

Drowning

Abdomen Polytrauma

Chest

Other

Spine

Limbs

Number of deaths

Head

952

58

6.1%

4.6

7.6

Asphyxia

31

24

77.4%

62.7

92.1

Drowning

44

20

45.5%

30.7

60.2

Abdomen

119

6

5%

1.1

9.0

Polytrauma

98

6

6.1%

1.4

10.9

Chest

75

2

2.7%

0.0

6.3

Other

4

2

50%

15.4

84.6

Spine

11

1

9.1%

0.0

40.2

Limbs

47

0

0%

0.0

0.0

Total

1,381

119