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THE TRAUMA AUDIT AND RESEARCH NETWORK

24

Glossary

AIS

Abbreviated Injury Scale score. A value between 1 (minor) and 6 (fatal) is assigned to each

injury.

AIS 3+

Injuries with an AIS severity score of 3 or more.

Child

A patient under the age of 16 years

Definitive Airway

Management

Intubation, cricothyroidotomy or tracheostomy.

Direct admissions

Describes care in the first treating hospital.

GCS

Glasgow Coma Scale. A measure of consciousness ranging from 3, indicating complete uncon-

sciousness, to 15, indicating a state of normal alertness. GCS is composed of eye, verbal and

motor scores.

HDU

High Dependency Unit

HES

Hospital Episode Statistics. Data collected in hospitals on all admissions.These data are used to

produce an expected number of eligible patients that should be submitted to TARN.

ICU

Intensive Care Unit

ISS

Injury Severity Score. A score ranging from 1, (minor) to 75 (severe injuries that are likely to

result in death). An ISS between 9 and 15 is considered moderate. An ISS of 16 or more is

considered severe. ISS is calculated using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS).

LOS

Length of Stay. Calculated from the date of admission to hospital/ICU/HDU to the date of

discharge from hospital/ICU/HDU.

MTC

Major Trauma Centre

NAI

Non-Accidental Injury

Polytrauma

AIS 3+ injuries in more than one body region.

TARN

The Trauma Audit & Research Network.

TARNlet

The TARNlet committee, consisting of clinicians, managers and academics who focus on injured

children, was established to address specific questions relating to paediatric trauma care.

TU

Trauma Unit

Grades of Doctor

Consultant

Consultant

Associate Specialist

Associate Specialist

ST3 and above

Specialist Registrar, Speciality Trainee, Clinical Fellow, Senior Registrar, Staff Grade

FY / ST 1-2

FoundationYear / Speciality Trainee 1-2 / Trust Grade

Other / Not recorded

Not known / recorded, Nurse Consultant,Advanced Practitioner